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New History/Political Science books at Waggoner Library
Backwards in high heels : Faith Whittlesey, Reagan's Madam Ambassador in Switzerland and the West Wing / Thomas J. Carty.
cover image"Ginger Rogers did everything that Fred Astaire did," so the saying goes, "but she did it backwards and in high heels." Faith Whittlesey popularized this quotation during the 1980s, and many books attribute the line to her. The message clearly resonated with a generation of American men and women coming to age in the late 20th century, when all things seemed possible. In this book Faith Whittlesey gives concrete meaning to the quotation through her life and career as an effective "Madam Ambassador" in the worlds of both money and politics. Raised in western New York State by highly motivated Irish-American parents of limited means, she worked to reach an eminent position as Ronald Reagan's Ambassador to Switzerland (twice), and to serve as the highest-ranking woman on Reagan's White House staff from 1983-1985. There she occupied the West Wing office soon to be Hillary Clinton's, and as a widow (since 1974) with three children provided a female influence of her own to a presidential culture well before it was fashionable. In addition to her activities in U.S. policy and politics, for more than 30 years Whittlesey has proven to be one of the most important liaisons between the United States and Switzerland, a sister republic as well as financial superpower. Whether operating from her second floor office in the White House's West Wing or the bucolic Ambassador's residence in Bern, Switzerland, Whittlesey made a practice to advocate Reagan's policies through thoughtful debate and persuasive argumentation. After leaving government service, she practiced private-sector diplomacy, serving from 1989 as Chairman and then Emeritus of the American Swiss Foundation, which endeavors to promote understanding between the two nations, organizing several private high-level delegations to visit China, and participating, both publicly and also at times "behind the scenes," in discussion of the most significant public policy issues of recent decades. This book provides a fascinating look into how one woman, despite daunting obstacles, was able to achieve exceptional influence, thence use her position for the furtherance of common good.
Psycholog erlebt das Konzentrationslager. English
cover imageIn this work, a Viennese psychiatrist tells his grim experiences in a German concentration camp which led him to logotherapy, an existential method of psychiatry. This work has riveted generations of readers with its descriptions of life in Nazi death camps and its lessons for spiritual survival. Between 1942 and 1945 the author, a psychiatrist labored in four different camps, including Auschwitz, while his parents, brother, and pregnant wife perished. Based on his own experience and the stories of his many patients, he argues that we cannot avoid suffering but we can choose how to cope with it, find meaning in it, and move forward with renewed purpose. His theory, known as logotherapy, from the Greek word logos (meaning), holds that our primary drive in life is not pleasure, as Freud maintained, but the discovery and pursuit of what we personally find meaningful.
On global justice / Mathias Risse.
cover image"Debates about global justice have traditionally fallen into two camps. Statists believe that principles of justice can only be held among those who share a state. Those who fall outside this realm are merely owed charity. Cosmopolitans, on the other hand, believe that justice applies equally among all human beings. On Global Justice shifts the terms of this debate and shows how both views are unsatisfactory. Stressing humanity's collective ownership of the earth, Mathias Risse offers a new theory of global distributive justice--what he calls pluralist internationalism--where in different contexts, different principles of justice apply. Arguing that statists and cosmopolitans seek overarching answers to problems that vary too widely for one single justice relationship, Risse explores who should have how much of what we all need and care about, ranging from income and rights to spaces and resources of the earth. He acknowledges that especially demanding redistributive principles apply among those who share a country, but those who share a country also have obligations of justice to those who do not because of a universal humanity, common political and economic orders, and a linked global trading system. Risse's inquiries about ownership of the earth give insights into immigration, obligations to future generations, and obligations arising from climate change. He considers issues such as fairness in trade, responsibilities of the WTO, intellectual property rights, labor rights, whether there ought to be states at all, and global inequality, and he develops a new foundational theory of human rights."--Book jacket.
Selections. 1950
cover image"The Papers of Thomas Jefferson is a projected 60-volume series containing not only the 18,000 letters written by Jefferson but also, in full or in summary, the more than 25,000 letters written to him. Including documents of historical significance as well as private notes not closely examined until their publication in the Papers, this series is an unmatched source of scholarship on the nation's third president"--publisher's description
Military mental health care : a guide for service members, veterans, families, and community / Cheryl Lawhorne and Don Philpott.
cover imageBoth a resource for struggling veterans and a useful tool for their loved ones or anyone looking for ways to support the veterans in their lives.
The challenge for Africa / Wangari Maathai.
cover imageMaathai lays bare the complex and multi-layered culture of the continent of Africa offering optimistic yet feasible ways to improve the quality of life that literally start from the ground up. Maathai analyzes the major impediments to development at three key levels-- international, national, and individual. By stressing personal responsibility, Maathai focuses on what Africans can do for themselves to empower individual change at the community level.
The law of higher education : a comprehensive guide to legal implications of administrative decision making / William A. Kaplin, Barbara A. Lee.
cover image"In the increasingly litigative environment of higher education, this comprehensive, practical, and up-to-date legal guide is indispensable for administrators, attorneys, and researchers. Due to numerous changes in the law and many new cases since the previous edition, the Fifth Edition contains new material relating to: hate speech and free speech rights of faculty in public universities; student suicide; campus safety; police and administrators' right to search students' residence hall rooms; and nondiscrimination and affirmative action in employment, admissions, and financial aid"-- Provided by publisher.
The law of higher education : a comprehensive guide to legal implications of administrative decision making / William A. Kaplin, Barbara A. Lee.
cover image"In the increasingly litigative environment of higher education, this comprehensive, practical, and up-to-date legal guide is indispensable for administrators, attorneys, and researchers. Due to numerous changes in the law and many new cases since the previous edition, the Fifth Edition contains new material relating to: hate speech and free speech rights of faculty in public universities; student suicide; campus safety; police and administrators' right to search students' residence hall rooms; and nondiscrimination and affirmative action in employment, admissions, and financial aid"-- Provided by publisher.
Devil in the grove : Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the dawn of a new America / Gilbert King.
cover imageChronicles a little-known court case in which Thurgood Marshall successfully saved a black citrus worker from the electric chair after the worker was accused of raping a white woman with three other black men.
Islam and Dhimmitude : where civilizations collide / Bat Yeʼor ; translated from the French by Miriam Kochan and David Littman.
cover image"In this study of the legal and social condition of Jews and Christians subjected to Islamic rule (the dhimmis), Bat Ye'or examines various religious and historical sources, using the new term "dhimmitude" to describe their common history and legal status. Some of these laws derive from the special status institutionalized by the Church Fathers for Jews; once Islamized, these laws were incorporated into Muslim jurisprudence applicable for Christians and Jews alike. Dhimmitude is thus discussed from the perspective of Muslim theory, and also in regard to divergent Christian attitudes to Jews and Zionism."--BOOK JACKET.
The myth of Islamic tolerance : how Islamic law treats non-Muslims / edited by Robert Spencer.
cover image"This collection of essays by some of the world's leading authorities on Islamic social history focuses on the pervasive legal and cultural oppression of non-Muslims in Islamic societies. The authors of these in-depth but accessible articles explode the widely diffused myth, promulgated by Muslim advocacy groups, of a largely tolerant, pluralistic Islam. In fact, the contributors lay bare the tyrannical legal superstructure that has treated non-Muslims in Muslim societies as oppressed and humiliated tributaries, and they show the devastating effects of these discriminatory attitudes and practices in both past and contemporary global conflicts.""This hard-hitting and absorbing assessment of Islamic teachings and practices regarding non-Muslim minorities uncovers a significant human rights scandal that rarely receives any mention either in academic circles or in the mainstream press."--Jacket.
A century of Labour : a history of the Labour Party 1900-2000 / Keith Laybourn.
cover imageThis text reviews the history of the Labour Party from its formation in February 1900, as the Labour Representation Committee, through short-lived successes in 1924 and 1929, the Wilson years, Foot and Kinnock to the rise of New Labour.
Infidel / Ayaan Hirsi Ali ; foreword by Christopher Hitchens.
cover imageUltimately a celebration of triumph over adversity, the author's story tells how a bright little girl evolved out of dutiful obedience to become an outspoken, pioneering freedom fighter. As Western governments struggle to balance democratic ideals with religious pressures, no story could be timelier or more significant. In this memoir she tells her astonishing life story, from her traditional Muslim childhood in Somalia, Saudi Arabia, and Kenya, to her intellectual awakening and activism in the Netherlands, and her current life under armed guard in the West. She burst into international headlines following an Islamist's murder of her colleague, Theo van Gogh, with whom she made the movie Submission. This is the story of the coming of age of this political superstar and champion of free speech. With a gimlet eye and measured, often ironic, voice, she recounts the evolution of her beliefs, her ironclad will, and her extraordinary resolve to fight injustice done in the name of religion. Raised in a strict Muslim family and extended clan, she civil war, female mutilation, brutal beatings, adolescence as a devout believer during the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood, and life in four troubled, unstable countries largely ruled by despots. In her early twenties, she escaped from a forced marriage and sought asylum in the Netherlands, where she earned a college degree in political science, tried to help her tragically depressed sister adjust to the West, and fought for the rights of Muslim immigrant women and the reform of Islam as a member of Parliament. Even though she is under constant threat, demonized by reactionary Islamists and politicians, disowned by her father, and expelled from her family and clan, she refuses to be silenced.
Finding the answers to legal questions : a how-to-do-it manual / Virginia Tucker and Marc Lampson.
cover imageLibrary Journal: Part-time law librarian Tucker and lawyer and librarian Lampson, both teachers at San Jose State Univ. SLIS, wrote this book to help public librarians assist patrons with legal questions. They provide an overview of the primary sources of legal information followed by a section on conducting reference interviews, with emphasis on the important differences between being a navigator for a patron and offering legal advice. There is a good discussion of basic legal research techniques and several chapters that deal with answering specific legal questions in such areas as employment law, family law, estate planning, criminal law, and lawsuits. The format is well thought out - highlighted boxes in each of the sections recap the resources discussed, illustrate a key concept from the narrative, or point to developments in legal resources worth monitoring. Appendixes include a glossary, a summary of reliable online tools, and a state law resource compilation. VERDICT Librarians will love this - it reflects how legal information is organized as well as how it will be used. It will also appeal to lay researchers who need to understand the legal system.
Academic archives : managing the next generation of college and university archives, records, and special collections / Aaron D. Purcell.
cover imageIn addition to college and university archives, academic archives encompass records management programs, special collections departments, and other campus archival repositories. This new definition of academic archives programs has redefined the role, and training, of academic archivists. This book gives you the tools to fill that role. --from publisher description
The ethical archivist / Elena S. Danielson.
cover image"The author rethinks the concept of the ethical archivist in the current era of profound change. She demonstrates how the daily decisions made by archivists connect to larger issues of social responsibility and the need to construct a balanced and accurate historic record. Danielson both analyzes real-life cases and poses theoretical questions to help working archivists better understand ethics as an applied practice"--P. [4] of cover.
Copyfraud and other abuses of intellectual property law / Jason Mazzone.
cover image"Intellectual property law in the United States does not work well and it needs to be reformed--but not for the reasons given by most critics. The issue is not that intellectual property rights are too easily obtained, too broad in scope, and too long in duration. Rather, the primary problem is overreaching by publishers, producers, artists, and others who abuse intellectual property law by claiming stronger rights than the law actually gives them. From copyfraud--like phony copyright notices attached to the U.S. Constitution--to lawsuits designed to prevent people from poking fun at Barbie, from controversies over digital sampling in hip-hop to Major League Baseball's ubiquitous restriction on sharing any 'accounts and descriptions of this game, ' overreaching claims of intellectual property rights are everywhere. Overreaching interferes with legitimate uses and reproduction of a wide variety of works, imposes enormous social and economic costs, and ultimately undermines creative endeavors. As this book reveals, the solution is not to change the scope or content of intellectual property rights, but to create mechanisms to prevent people asserting rights beyond those they legitimately possess. While there are many other books on intellectual property, this is the first to examine overreaching as a distinct problem and to show how to solve it. Jason Mazzone makes a series of timely proposals by which government, organizations, and ordinary people can stand up to creators and content providers when they seek to grab more than the law gives them"--Provided by publisher.
Original intent : the courts, the Constitution & religion / David Barton.
cover imageAn essential resource for anyone interested in our nation's religious heritage and the Founders' intended role for the American judicial system. Hot topics covered include: revisionism, judicial activism, and separation of church and state. A substantial appendix encompasses full texts of the founding documents, biographical sketches of numerous Founders, and extensive reference notes.
Selections. 1950
cover image"The Papers of Thomas Jefferson is a projected 60-volume series containing not only the 18,000 letters written by Jefferson but also, in full or in summary, the more than 25,000 letters written to him. Including documents of historical significance as well as private notes not closely examined until their publication in the Papers, this series is an unmatched source of scholarship on the nation's third president"--publisher's description
With my face to the enemy : perspectives on the Civil War : essays / by David Herbert Donald ... [et al.] ; edited by Robert Cowley.
cover imageA collection of essays on the Civil War explores every aspect of the conflict from Lee's role in the Confederacy to the tactics that won and lost the war, with contributions from James M. McPherson, David Herbert Donald, and other notable historians.